||WHAT IT DOES
||Virus that causes acute paralysis and death.
||Prior to immunization, there were 13-20,000 cases annually; in 2000 there were none in US, but still active in >12 countries worldwide.
||Viral syndrome that can cause complications (including encephalitis with brain damage) in almost 10% of those infected.
||Cases are now very rare in the U.S. but still occur worldwide. If vaccination was suspended 2.7 million deaths would be expected worldwide.
|Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (HIB)
||Prior to immunization, the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, and epiglottitis.
||Prior to HIB vaccines, 600 pediatric deaths per year. Recent outbreak with deaths in Midwest, & occurs worldwide.
||Also known as Whooping Cough, this illness can lead to pneumonia, seizures and death particularly in young infants under age one year.
||Currently a resurgence; prior to immunization, 250,000 cases per year, 9000 deaths. 9 recent deaths in CA in unimmunized infants.
|Rubella (German measles)
||Mild viral disease in children, but in pregnant women, leads to heart defects, mental retardation, deafness.
||Before vaccination there were 20,000 babies born annually with birth defects.
|Varicella (Chicken Pox)
||Highly contagious viral illness. Can lead to complications such as pneumonia, bacterial skin infections, dehydration as well as significant school/ work absence.
||Prior to immunization there were 11,000 hospitalizations and 100 deaths annually in the U.S. secondary to bacterial complications.
||Liver infection with risk of liver failure or cancer.
||Up to 25% of children who are infected may die from the infection.
||Severe throat infection which produces a toxin that causes heart and nerve problems.
||Death rate after infection was 20% of cases prior to immunization. Not seen in U.S., still occurs worldwide.
||Severe, often fatal disease leading to spasm and stiffness of the jaw and muscles.
||30% of infections cause death. Worldwide there are still >100,000 deaths from lack of immunization.
||Viral infection in the salivary glands; can cause deafness, swelling of the brain, nerves and spinal cord, and sterility in males.
||Before immunization there were 200,000 cases annually, now reduced to about 300.
||Leading cause of blood infection, bacterial meningitis, pneumonia and ear infections.
||Prior to vaccine, 6,100 annual deaths in US.
||Vomiting and watery diarrhea, often lasting 3-8 days or longer; may require hospitalization for dehydration.
||Globally, still 527,000 deaths per year. Prior to vaccine, 20-60 deaths in US per year; > 600,000 visits per year.